The same applies for patients with Eisenmenger syndrome in the presence of an atrial or ventricular septal defect. Our patient presented with a typical Eisenmenger phenotype early in life. The full Eisenmenger phenotype with right-to-left shunting and overt cyanosis typically becomes manifest later in childhood or in adolescence/early adult life.
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Eisenmenger syndrome, the most advanced form of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), poses a considerable risk to the survival and quality of life of patients. It is more commonly seen in large intra-cardiac defects like ventricular septal defects (VSD) or patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and rarely in atrial septal defects (ASD). Early diagnosis is the single most important step in the ...
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Apr 03, 2017 · Early onset is often defined as occurring before the age of 25. The younger the age of onset of bipolar disorder, the more likely it is to find a significant family history of the condition. Early onset bipolar disorder most commonly begins with depression and there may be many episodes of depression before the first hypomania.
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The age of patients at onset of symptoms ranged from 18 to 76 years with a mean of 36.5 years, including 184 males and 202 females. In contrast to the pediatric clientele, pain is the predominant symptom in adults, and elicitating mechanisms like trauma, excessive physical training, or degenerative spinal canal stenosis are reported more often.
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Eisenmenger syndrome, excluding those with complex congenital heart disease. Patients’ mean age was 39.1 12.8 years, 59 (32.6%) were male, 122 (67.4%) were in functional class III or higher, and 74 (40.9%) were on advanced